Signs & Symptoms
Kindergarten , Play school , Pre School
• Family history
• Late and/or unclear speech
• Inability to remember the label for known objects e.g. colours
• Confused directional words, e.g. 'up/down' or ‘in/out’
• Enhanced creativity - often good at drawing
• Finding it difficult to remember nursery rhymes.
• Difficulty in hearing and pronouncing sounds.
• Problems with learning the connections between sounds and letters
• Trouble remembering words they have seen many times
• Unable to remember two or more instructions in sequence.
• Uncertain of left or right.
• Aptitude for constructional or technical toys, e.g. bricks, puzzles, Lego blocks
• Difficulty with rhyming words, e.g. 'cat mat fat'
• Difficulty with sequencing
Children under 10
• Particular difficulty with reading and/or spelling and writing
• Persistent and continued reversing of numbers and letters (e.g.'15' for '51', 'b' for 'd')
• Difficulty telling left from right
• Difficulty learning the alphabet, numbers, days of the week, colors, shapes etc.
• Difficulty learning to spell and write his or her name
• May have difficulty telling and/or retelling a story in the correct sequence
• Often has difficulty separating sounds in words and blending sounds to make words
• May be slow to add new vocabulary words
• May be unable to recall the right word
• Difficulty learning the alphabet and multiplication tables
• Difficulty remembering sequences such as the days of the week and months of the year
• Poor concentration
Signs of frustration
Children falling in the age bracket of 9-13 years of age.
• Continued mistakes in reading and poor comprehension of text
• Bizarre spelling, perhaps with letters missed out or in the wrong order
• Taking an above average time over written work
• Poor organisation at home and at school
• Difficulty copying accurately from blackboard or textbook
• Difficulty taking down oral instructions
• Growing lack of self-confidence and increasing frustration
• May appear bright, but fails to fulfil potential
• Difficulty repeating polysyllabic words
High School Children from 13 years of age to 18 years of age
• Tendency to read inaccurately, or without comprehension
• Inconsistent spelling
• Difficulty with planning and written essays
• Tendency to confuse verbal instructions and telephone numbers
• Difficulty with learning a foreign language
• Low self-esteem
• Difficulty with perception of language, e.g. following instructions, listening comprehension